Cipro is a broad-spectrum antibiotic from the group of fluoroquinolones. It is used to treat bacterial infections in patients of different age groups.
Cipro is one of the best-studied representatives of the fluoroquinolones class and proved its efficacy and safety in a large number of clinical studies.
Adult patients of 18 years of age and older are prescribed Cipro for the treatment of:
Children in the age of 12 months to 17 years may be administered Cipro for the treatment of:
- Complicated urinary tract and kidney infections;
- Inhalation form of anthrax;
Dosage forms and therapeutic dosages
The active substance of Cipro is the second-generation quinolones antibiotic Ciprofloxacin. The drug differs from the first-generation antibiotics through a more pronounced antimicrobial activity and better tolerability.
You can buy Cipro (Ciprofloxacin) in the US in the form of:
- 100 mg
- 250 mg
- 500 mg
- 750 mg
Extended release tablets
- 500 mg
- 1000 mg
- Oral form of the antibiotic Cipro is supplied to the markets of the US, Canada, Argentina and Brazil by the company Bayer.
- Otic suspension Cipro supplier in North America are Novartis and Alcon companies.
Today, a large number of Cipro generics are available at the global pharmaceutical market, which are produced by different pharmaceutical companies.
In different countries of the world, you can buy Cipro generics under the following names.
Combined antibiotic Cipro HC is approved for the reduction of inflammation and curing bacterial infections in the ear canal.
For the treatment of bacterial infections, children are usually prescribed oral suspension Cipro. Kids suspension consists of two components – microcapsules and diluent, which form a yellowish liquid with a strawberry flavor, when mixed.
When ordering Cipro for children in an online pharmacy, you get a measuring spoon, which allows to accurately dose the required amount of antibiotic. Before using, the bottle with the suspension should be shaken several times.
Cipro dosing regimen for children is selected based on the severity of the disease and body weight.
Cipro dosage for children
To treat pyelonephritis and cystitis
- Daily dose: 10 mg to 20 mg Cipro per kg body weight, divided into 2 doses (750mg).
Duration of use – 10 to 21 days.
To treat anthrax
- Daily dose: 15 mg per 1 kg of body weight, divided into 2 doses (up to 500mg).
Duration of use – 2 months.
To treat plague
- Daily dose: 15 mg Cipro per kg body weight, divided into 2 or 3 doses (maximum 500mg).
Duration of use – 10 to 21 days.
Therapeutic doses of Cipro for adults are selected based on the patient’s age, kidney and liver function, as well as the nature and severity of the infection.
Cipro dosage for adults
For the treatment of acute cystitis and uncomplicated pyelonephritis in adults, they can be prescribed extended release Cipro tablets.
To treat prostatitis
- 500 mg Cipro two times a day
Duration of treatment – 28days
To treat infectious diarrhea
- 500 mg Cipro every 12 hours
Duration of treatment – 5 to 7 days
To treat skin infections
- 1000-1500 mg Cipro per day, divided into 2 doses
Duration of treatment – 1-2 weeks
If you bought otic suspension Cipro to treat external otitis media, carefully read the package insert. This form of antibiotic is not intended for oral use.
- The recommended dosage regimen of the drug in patients of all age groups is 3 drops of Cipro suspension in the affected ear twice a day. Duration of use is one week.
- Before use, the suspension should be warmed up in hands for 1-2 minutes, and shaken several times.
Cipro tablets, capsules and oral suspension are taken independently of meals and washed down with a sufficient quantity of drinking water. It is not recommended to wash down the antibiotic with dairy products or calcium-enriched drinks (juices, yoghurts).
Possible side effects and contraindications
The use of Cipro can be accompanied by side effects, yet not every patient experience them. The most common adverse reactions that were observed in all age groups are rash, vomiting, nausea.
Other undesirable effects that may be caused by the use of the antibiotic Cipro are sleep disorders, headaches, diarrhea, joint stiffness, and seizures. Children may have convulsions, muscle weakness, and abdominal pain.
Before you buy Cipro and begin the antibacterial therapy, make sure that you can use this medication. Cipro is contraindicated in:
The combination of Cipro and muscle relaxant Tizanidine increases Tizanidine concentration in the blood, which can cause a decrease in blood pressure and drowsiness.
Since Cipro can pass through the placenta into fetal circulation, this antibiotic should be used with caution in pregnant women. Use of the drug is only justified if the benefit to the mother outweighs the potential risk to the fetus.
Cipro can pass into breast milk and affect the baby’s body. Therefore, the baby should be transferred to artificial feeding, if a woman needs to take the antibiotic during the breast-feeding period.
Patients on Cipro are advised to restrict their exposure to the direct sun rays, avoid sunbathing or visiting a tanning salon. The antibiotic can increase the sensitivity of the skin and mucous membranes of the eyes to the action of the ultraviolet rays.
Concomitant use of Cipro with Theophylline-containing drugs (bronchodilator) increases the risk of serious adverse reactions from the central nervous system.
If concomitant use is required, it is recommended to maintain a time-interval between the administration of these two drugs, control the blood concentration of the bronchodilator and adjust the dose.