Erythromycin is the first antibiotic of the macrolide family. It exerts a predominantly bacteriostatic effect and exhibits antimicrobial activities against a wide range of bacteria.
List of brand Erythromycin-containing drugs
- Emycin ECT
- E-Solve 2
- R-P Mycin
Medications which include the antibacterial agent Erythromycin can be used for the treatment of infectious diseases of the respiratory tract, ear, eye, soft tissue and skin, gastrointestinal and/or anogenital tracts.
Specific indications for the use of Erythromycin may be:
Erythromycin penetrates well into the tissues of the body and is used to treat infections in different parts of the body. Depending on the severity and etiology of the bacterial infection, patients may buy Erythromycin in the form of:
- Gel 2%, 3% and 5%
- Solution (topical) 2%
- Capsules 125mg and 250mg
- Tablets 250mg, 333mg, 400mg and 500mg
- Oral suspension 125mg/5ml and 250mg/5ml
- Ointment 0,5%
- Swab (topical) 2%
- Granule 200mg base/5ml and 400mg base/5ml
- Injectable 500mg base/vial and 1gm base/vial
When Erythromycin is used orally, the antibiotic is absorbed through the digestive tract, into the bloodstream and then to the infection site. To obtain a stable antibacterial effect, it is very important to take Erythromycin regularly and complete the treatment course. If the treatment stops too soon, the bacteria can survive, and the infection returns.
Erythromycin solution for injections is prescribed when oral therapy is not indicated or proves ineffective. The solution is introduced intravenously.
Eye ointment is prescribed for patients with surface eye infections. It is used up to 6 times a day, depending on the severity of the bacterial disease.
If you bought Erythromycin to treat acne, the application frequency of the solution, swab or gel should not exceed 2 times a day. Excessive use of the drug does not increase the effectiveness of the antibiotic therapy and may cause peeling or redness of the skin.
When patients use Erythromycin eye ointment, topical solution or gel, side effects are rare, and typically in place of application. When Erythromycin reaches the systemic circulation, adverse reactions may include:
- Abdominal discomfort
- Loss of appetite
- Stomach ache
- Chest pain
- Allergic reactions
After the oral administration of Erythromycin, gastro-intestinal disorders are the most common and unpleasant adverse reactions.
When this antibiotic is used intravenously, gastrointestinal side effects can occur, yet they are milder than those after the oral antibiotic administration. If you do not know which form of Erythromycin you should buy, consult a doctor or pharmacist.
Erythromycin should not be used in patients who are hypersensitive to this drug or to other macrolide antibiotics. Other contraindications depend on the dosage form of the antibiotic.
For example, Erythromycin gel is contraindicated in pregnant women. To treat urogenital infections in pregnant women, they can be administered to the tablet form of this antibiotic.
The recommended Erythromycin dose should be taken as often, as recommended by your doctor. Failure to comply with the prescribed dosage can worsen the bacterial disease course.
Erythromycin is not effective against viruses and should not be used in case of suspicion or diagnosing a viral infection. Erythromycin inhibits vital functions of a wide range of pathogens. This medicine of the macrolide class is active against:
Erythromycin inhibits the production of bacterial proteins and is effective against pathogens that live both inside and outside the body. Once Erythromycin prevents further bacterial growth, immune system will destroy and remove bacteria from the body.