Helicobacter pylori infection
Helicobacter pylori infection is a gram-negative bacterium that affects the digestive system and causes inflammation of the gastric mucosa. Harmful bacterium is the main reason for formation of peptic ulcers in:
The stomach lining
This pathogen can be spread from person to person through contaminated food or water.
It is recommended to take blood tests, as well as undergo diagnostic tests to detect the bacterial infection. H. pylori is diagnosed by means of various methods of microscopic examination of tissues:
The doctor also examines the stomach lining using endoscope. If the inflammation is detected, a biopsy is performed, the procedure in which a sample of the affected tissue is taken and then sent to the laboratory for analysis.
Chronic inflammatory processes in the GIT occur because of harmful bacteria that provoke metaplastic changes in the esophageal mucosa.
Use of various antibacterial agents helps to achieve good results in the treatment of helicobacter pylori. Drug therapy helps to inhibit a growth of the microorganism after a week of antibiotic use.
Regimens for eradication of the bacterial infection include the use of oral antibiotics that generally help remove the pathogen within 10 days. If helicobacter pylori is resistant to such treatment, an intravenous antibiotic administration can be required.
The standard method of helicobacter pylori treatment is antibiotic therapy. A pharmacist or doctor can help choose the best antibiotic based on clinical diagnosis.
Sometimes, a short course of antibiotic therapy is sufficient to treat the pathogenic bacterial infection, which includes the use of oral antibiotics for 1-3 days.
If not to treat bacterial infection, the pathogen usually remains in the human body for many years. Effective prophylaxis of helicobacter pylori is a maintenance of good daily hygiene and a balanced and healthy lifestyle.